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Category: Nuclear Physics

Die Entdeckung des Unteilbaren: Quanten, Quarks und die by Jörg Resag

By Jörg Resag

Mitten in Europa ist eine der größten und komplexesten Maschinen in Betrieb gegangen, die wir Menschen je gebaut haben: der huge Hadron Collider (kurz LHC). Mit ihm öffnet sich ein Fenster in eine neue Welt, die viele Geheimnisse birgt: used to be verleiht den Teilchen der Materie ihre Masse? Gibt es verborgene Raumdimensionen? Existiert ein tiefer Zusammenhang zwischen Teilchen mit verschiedenem Spin (Supersymmetrie)? Woraus besteht die dunkle Materie, die unser Universum durchdringt? Gibt es das Higgs-Teilchen?

Mit diesem Buch taucht der Leser ein in diese wunderbare Welt, die wir Menschen in der Neuzeit entdeckt haben: Atome und ihre Substruktur aus Quarks und Leptonen, die rätselhafte Quantenmechanik, Teilchen des Lichts, Einsteins Gewebe aus Raum und Zeit, die vier Wechselwirkungen und schließlich die neue Welt, in die der LHC gerade vordringt und in der wir Higgs-Teilchen, Supersymmetrie und womöglich erste Anzeichen für die String-Theorie vermuten. Die erste Vermutung konnte mittlerweile bestätigt werden: Im Sommer 2012 wurde am LHC die Entdeckung des Higgs-Teilchens bekannt gegeben.

Nach der Lektüre ist klar: Wir leben in einer erstaunlichen Welt und sind gerade im Begriff, bei der Enträtselung ihrer Geheimnisse einen entscheidenden Schritt nach vorne zu gehen. Für die 2. Auflage hat der Autor das Buch aktualisiert und um neueste Erkenntnisse ergänzt.

Über den Autor:

Jörg Resag hat in Bonn Physik und Astronomie studiert und in theoretischer Physik über die Quarkstruktur von Elementarteilchen promoviert.
Er arbeitet derzeit in der chemisch-pharmazeutischen Industrie.
Im Spektrum-Verlag ist 2012 sein zweites Buch "Zeitpfad -- Die Geschichte unseres Universums und unseres Planeten" erschienen.

Leserstimmen zur ersten Auflage:

Dem theoretischen Physiker Jörg Resag ist ein sehr interessantes, unterhaltsames und didaktisch exzellentes Buch gelungen, das sowohl interessierten Laien wie Experten die Geheimnisse der Quantenphysik, das Standardmodell, die Relativitätstheorie und Kosmologie und schließlich die Superstrings vorstellt. (...) Sehr komplexe Zusammenhänge werden sehr klar und verständlich erläutert.

Treffpunkt Buch plus

Kein einfaches, aber dafür höchst empfehlenswertes Werk.


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Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials in Construction: by Wouter Schroeyers

By Wouter Schroeyers

Naturally taking place Radioactive fabrics in building (COST motion NORM4Building) discusses the depletion of strength assets and uncooked fabrics and its large effect not just at the construction marketplace, but additionally within the improvement of recent man made development fabrics, wherein the reuse of assorted (waste) residue streams turns into a need.

It is predicated at the final result of rate motion TU 1301, the place scientists, regulators, and representatives from have come jointly to give new findings, sharing wisdom, stories, and applied sciences to stimulate study at the reuse of residues containing more desirable concentrates of traditional radionuclides (NORM) in tailored construction materials.

Chapters tackle legislative concerns, dimension, and evaluate of establishing fabrics, actual and chemical features, from uncooked fabrics, to residues with stronger concentrations of normal radionuclides (NORM), techniques, construction items containing NORM, and end-of-life and reuse standards.

  • Presents a holistic method in constructing new reuse pathways concerning specialists on varied (technical, chemical, actual, ecological, not pricey and radiological) facets of materials
  • Provides functional counsel that tackle questions and reviews concerning the EU-BSS criteria associated with the processing of NORM in development materials
  • Investigates sensible legislative scenarios
  • Primarily geared toward and actors associated with the undefined, but additionally researchers
  • Contains a robust foreign community of professional authors and inner reviewers for every chapter

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Gaseous Radiation Detectors: Fundamentals and Applications by Fabio Sauli

By Fabio Sauli

primary in high-energy and particle physics, gaseous radiation detectors are present process non-stop improvement. the 1st a part of this ebook presents a pretty good history for realizing the elemental techniques resulting in the detection and monitoring of charged debris, photons, and neutrons. carrying on with then with the advance of the multi-wire proportional chamber, the e-book describes the layout and operation of successive generations of gas-based radiation detectors, in addition to their use in experimental physics and different fields. Examples are supplied of functions for complicated occasions monitoring, particle identity, and impartial radiation imaging. barriers of the units are mentioned intimately. together with an in depth number of info and references, this ebook is perfect for researchers and experimentalists in nuclear and particle physics.

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Modern Particle Physics by Mark Thomson

By Mark Thomson

designated in its insurance of all points of contemporary particle physics, this textbook offers a transparent connection among the idea and up to date experimental effects, together with the invention of the Higgs boson at CERN. It presents a entire and self-contained description of the normal version of particle physics appropriate for upper-level undergraduate scholars and graduate scholars learning experimental particle physics. actual concept is brought in a simple demeanour with complete mathematical derivations all through. Fully-worked examples allow scholars to hyperlink the mathematical thought to effects from glossy particle physics experiments. End-of-chapter routines, graded via trouble, offer scholars with a deeper knowing of the topic. on-line assets to be had at characteristic password-protected fully-worked options to difficulties for teachers, numerical recommendations and tricks to the issues for college kids and PowerPoint slides and JPEGs of figures from the book.

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Scattering Amplitudes in Gauge Theories: Volume 883 (Lecture by Johannes M. Henn,Jan C. Plefka

By Johannes M. Henn,Jan C. Plefka

At the elemental point, the interactions of effortless debris are defined by way of quantum gauge box conception. The quantitative implications of those interactions are captured via scattering amplitudes, typically computed utilizing Feynman diagrams. some time past decade great growth has been made in our knowing of and computational talents with reference to scattering amplitudes in gauge theories, going past the normal textbook strategy. those advances construct upon on-shell equipment that concentrate on the analytic constitution of the amplitudes, in addition to on their lately chanced on hidden symmetries. actually, whilst expressed in appropriate variables the amplitudes are a lot less complicated than expected and hidden styles emerge.

These sleek tools are of accelerating significance in phenomenological purposes coming up from the necessity for high-precision predictions for the experiments conducted on the huge Hadron Collider, in addition to in foundational mathematical physics stories at the S-matrix in quantum box theory.

Bridging the space among introductory classes on quantum box thought and state of the art study, those concise but self-contained and course-tested lecture notes are well-suited for a one-semester graduate point path or as a self-study advisor for a person drawn to primary facets of quantum box concept and its applications.

The a number of routines and ideas integrated can assist readers to embody and observe the fabric present

ed ordinarily text.

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Elementary Processes at High Energy Pt A: Pt. A by A Zichichi

By A Zichichi

ordinary procedures at excessive power, half A covers the complaints of the 8th process The foreign university of Subnuclear Physics held in Erice, Italy, in July 1970. The stated convention is concentrated at the research of phenomenological ways to particle physics in addition to different really expert issues within the box.
The publication is split into 3 elements. half 1 discusses electron place annihilators; vulnerable interactions; and hadron techniques at greater energies. half 2 covers subject matters corresponding to rigorous effects from box idea and unitarity; finite thought of quantum electrodynamics; and types for hadronic reactions. half three themes contain gravitation; symmetry rules in physics; and electromagnetic construction of hadronic resonances.
The textual content is suggested for physicists, specifically people who are drawn to the advancements within the box of particle physics.

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Principles of Quantum Mechanics by R. Shankar

By R. Shankar

R. Shankar has brought significant additions and up-to-date key shows during this moment variation of rules of Quantum Mechanics. New positive aspects of this leading edge textual content contain a completely rewritten mathematical advent, a dialogue of Time-reversal invariance, and large assurance of numerous direction integrals and their functions. extra highlights include:

- transparent, available remedy of underlying mathematics

- A evaluate of Newtonian, Lagrangian, and Hamiltonian mechanics

- pupil figuring out of quantum conception is improved by way of separate therapy of mathematical theorems and actual postulates

- Unsurpassed insurance of course integrals and their relevance in modern physics

The needful textual content for complicated undergraduate- and graduate-level scholars, rules of Quantum Mechanics, moment variation is absolutely referenced and is supported by means of many routines and suggestions. The book’s self-contained chapters additionally make it compatible for self reliant examine in addition to for classes in utilized disciplines.

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The Theory of Quark and Gluon Interactions (Texts and by Francisco J. Yndurain

By Francisco J. Yndurain

on the grounds that QCD is an ever becoming quarter of physics, a couple of sections during this 3rd version of the publication were accelerated, specifically, these facing deep inelastic scattering. the following new fabric is incorporated either on higher-order calculations, a number of that have develop into to be had within the previous couple of years, and at the small-x restrict of constitution capabilities, the place, prompted by means of the result of HERA, there was massive job. different issues have additionally bought unique awareness. One is the problem of certain states of heavy quarks, the place inclusion of higher-order perturbative and nonperturbative corrections has ended in a explanation of the QCD description, fairly for the bottom states of heavy quarkonia. the opposite issues the result of high-order (four-loop) calculations and a brand new choice of the parameters of the speculation, quark plenty, etc.

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The Landscape of Free Fermionic Gauge Models (Springer by Douglas G. Moore

By Douglas G. Moore

In this thesis, the writer describes the advance of a software framework to systematically build a specific category of weakly coupled loose fermionic heterotic string versions, dubbed gauge versions. of their purest shape, those versions are maximally supersymmetric (N = 4), and therefore merely comprise superpartners of their topic zone. this selection makes their systematic building fairly effective, and they're hence priceless of their simplicity.  The thesis first presents a brisk creation to heterotic strings and the spin-structure development of loose fermionic versions. 3 systematic surveys are then offered, and it is conjectured that those surveys are exhaustive modulo redundancies. eventually, the writer offers a suite of metaheuristic algorithms for looking the panorama for versions with a user-specified spectrum of phenomenological houses, e.g. gauge team and variety of spacetime supersymmetries. Such algorithms give you the basis for prolonged frequent loose fermionic surveys.

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Amplitude Distribution Spectrometers V3 (Fundamental Studies by Waldemar Scharf,Eugene Lepa

By Waldemar Scharf,Eugene Lepa

basic reviews in Engineering three: Amplitude Distribution Spectrometers stories amplitude or pulse-height distribution analyzers, either unmarried- and multichannel varieties, and spectrometers, in addition to their building and operation. It discusses the elemental parameters of electric impulses, the final parameters of amplitude distribution spectrometers, the normal tools of reading amplitude distribution through single-channel spectrometers, research of amplitude spectra utilizing desktop tools, and strategies and units for multiparameter amplitude research.
Comprised of 8 chapters, this quantity starts with an outline of actual phenomena that may be represented within the type of electric impulses coming up in transducers of actual amounts. It then discusses using pulse-height spectrometers to figure out the peak distributions of electric impulses, traits within the improvement of pulse-height spectrometers, traditional pulse-height research, and multispectral scaling. The reader is methodically brought to the research of Gaussian distributions, Fourier-transform research, and measuring devices utilized in initial sign processing. different chapters specialize in spectrogram recording equipment, equipment of spectrum averaging, computing device equipment of spectral research, and strategies of recording multi-parameter spectrograms. The e-book concludes with a overview of using pulse-height spectrometers in a variety of fields equivalent to medication, biology, astronomy, nuclear examine, house learn, and physico-chemical learn.
Users of amplitude spectrometers in quite a few fields of technology and expertise will locate this publication super useful.

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